Happy birthday, CMS

On Oct. 1, 1992, a letter of intent was submitted to the LHC Experiments Committee, officially marking the formation of the CMS collaboration. A new experiment at CERN was born.

A quarter-century later, CMS is one of the biggest scientific collaborations on Earth, boasting more than 4,000 particle physicists, engineers, computer scientists, technicians and students from about 200 institutes and universities and more than 40 countries.

CMS is showcasing photos of its collaborating institutions in celebration of its 25th birthday.

CMS is one of of two experiments that discovered the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider in 2012; the other is the ATLAS experiment.

Fermilab plays a significant role in the CMS experiment. Fermilab staff are active in analysis of data from LHC collisions, collaborating with other CMS scientists in measurements of the properties of known particles while also searching for evidence of physics beyond the Standard Model.

Fermilab also contributes to the design and construction of the CMS detector and related upgrades, providing critical components such as the powerful magnets that focus beams into collision and many segments of the complex, 14,000-ton detector. It hosts one of seven Tier-1 computing centers that process data for the CMS experiment and support the research activities of scientists across the country and around the world.

Not only does Fermilab provide scientific, technical and organizational support for the scientists, engineers and technicians that participate in CMS, Fermilab also serves as a hub for the graduate students from the 50-plus U.S. universities and laboratories that are part of the collaboration.

Fermilab hosts the LHC Physics Center, a hub for CMS physics in the United States, and a Remote Operations Center, where more than 100 scientists conduct thousands of hours of remote shifts for the CMS experiment each year.

Congratulations to CMS on 25 fruitful years.

Fermilab employees and collaborators gather for the baselining of the US CMS project in 1998. Photo: Reidar Hahn