From @brookhaven TODAY, May 13, 2011
Maurice Goldhaber, a prominent physicist and former director of Brookhaven National Laboratory, died on May 11 after a short illness at Sunrise of East Setauket, an assisted living facility.
Goldhaber had celebrated his 100th birthday on April 18, 2011. He was born in Austria, and earned his Ph.D. in physics at Cambridge University in 1936. In 1938 he came to the U.S. as a faculty member of the University of Illinois. He joined Brookhaven National Laboratory in 1950, along with his wife, the late nuclear physicist Gertrude Scharff-Goldhaber. At Brookhaven Lab, he served as chair of the Laboratory’s Physics Department from 1960-61, and as Laboratory Director from 1961 to 1973.
Goldhaber’s research in the fields of nuclear physics and fundamental particles includes experiment, systematics, technique, and theory. He made numerous significant contributions that helped to establish parts of the theory of microscopic physics now known as the standard model. In 1938, with James Chadwick from the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge, England, he was the first to measure accurately the mass of the subatomic particle known as the neutron. Other significant discoveries include the nuclear photo-effect, the role of spin in nuclear reactions, and observing the helicity of the neutrino.