Bogdan Dobrescu

The hypothetical Z’ boson could be produced in proton-proton collisions. It would then decay into quark-antiquark pairs. You’ve likely heard that there are four elementary forces (or interactions) in nature. With the 2012 discovery of the Higgs particle, we can now talk of a fifth force. Let’s call it the Higgs force. All five forces are understood as being mediated by some particles generically called bosons. These are the photon (mediator of electromagnetism), the graviton (mediator of gravity), the gluon…