“Wait,” you may be thinking, “I thought this was a science column. What has science to do with peace?” Those who visit Fermilab or CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics in Switzerland, understand. There are today many international scientific organizations, at least partly inspired by CERN’s success.

The building boom

These international projects, selected during the process to plan the future of U.S. particle physics, are all set to come online within the next 10 years.

From Indian Times Daily, April 16, 2018: U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry and India’s Atomic Energy Secretary Sekhar Basu signed an agreement in New Delhi to expand the two countries’ collaboration on world-leading science and technology projects.

From World Nuclear News, April 17, 2018: Energy Secretary Rick Perry and India’s Atomic Energy Secretary Sekhar Basu signed an agreement in New Delhi that opens the way to jointly advancing cutting-edge neutrino science projects under way in both countries, LBNF/DUNE

From NEI Magazine, April 19, 2018: India and the United States have signed an agreement enabling their scientists to collaborate on the development and construction of different types of neutrino detectors, including for LBNF/DUNE.

From Forbes, Jan. 24, 2018: Fermilab will provide half of SLAC’s LCLS-II cryomodules, and Jefferson Lab in Newport News, Virginia, will provide the other half. Fermilab is located in Illinois, so the very first cryomodule that arrived at SLAC by truck last week made a hefty trip from Illinois to California – essentially making a trip across the whole of the U.S.

LCLS-II at SLAC is an X-ray laser that allows scientists to take snapshots of atoms and molecules in motion. Fermilab is providing SLAC with 22 cryomodules for the LCLS-II upgrade, which will take X-ray science to the next level.

The ProtoDUNE detector is being assembled at the European laboratory CERN. Photo: Maximilien Brice, CERN

The ProtoDUNE detectors for the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment are behemoths in their own right.