From Quanta, October 28, 2021: In 1993, Los Alamos National Laboratory saw hints of a fourth kind of neutrino which led to MiniBooNE. Now the results of MicroBooNE reveal sterile neutrinos alone cannot account for the MiniBooNE anomaly and the results are consistent with the possibility that only half of MiniBooNE’s events are due to neutrino oscillations.

Neutrinos are weird. Scientists didn’t expect them to change type as they travel, but they do! So how do we study this weird phenomenon of neutrino oscillation? On this episode, neutrino physicist Kirsty Duffy and special guest Anne Norrick will explore how to build a long-distance neutrino experiment.

A woman with long brown hair holds three tricolor beach balls. To the left of her text that reads "neutrino oscillation."

Things get weird at the smallest scales — just take a look at the way neutrinos behave as they travel. In this episode, we’ll explore the phenomenon of neutrino oscillation through something a bit easier to grasp: beach balls. Join neutrino physicist Kirsty Duffy for some delightful quantum chaos.

A woman with a black shirt looks concerned and holds a banana in one hand. To the right of her, an illustration of a sun-like object that says "The Solar Neutrino Problem" in the middle of it. An illustration of three bananas is in the right-hand corner. Different flavors of neutrinos appear to come out of the sun-like object. Two electron neutrinos are in dark brown, other neutrinos are light in shade.

Throw on your shades: Today on #EvenBananas, we’re looking at particles from the sun — and how trillions of them went missing. Join Fermilab scientist Kirsty Duffy to explore how an experiment using 100,000 gallons of dry cleaning fluid a mile underground led to one of the biggest mysteries in particle physics: the solar neutrino problem.

NOvA scientists have seen evidence that one of the three neutrino mass states might not include equal parts of muon and tau flavor, as previously thought. Scientists refer to this as “nonmaximal mixing,” and NOvA’s result is the first hint that this may be the case for the third mass state.

NOvA announces its first cross section measurement, the probability than an electron neutrino interacts with the protons and neutrons inside the NOvA near detector. The measurement draws on the largest data set in the electron neutrino energy region from 1 GeV to 3 GeV.

NOvA takes a first measurement of disappearances of muon type neutrinos as they oscillate away. Where NOvA would expect to see 201 muon neutrinos if there were no oscillations, they actually see only 33 — clear evidence of oscillations.