Sanford Underground Research Facility

An illustration. I person stands inside a giant, hollow gold cube and sends a signal using a device to another device on the left side of the screen that is close up and held in a hand. The close-up device says "counting" and has some numbers. In the bottom right-hand corner, it says LBNF/DUNE.

When studying mysterious subatomic particles, researchers at SURF in South Dakota use a different kind of particle detector, particle counters, to prevent run-of-the-mill dust particles from creating background noise and obscuring results.

The conveyor belt taking the rocks from the crusher to the Open Cut passes close to the town of Lead, South Dakota. Image: Fermilab

Fermilab contractors have successfully commissioned a system that will move 800,000 tons of rock to create space for the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment’s detectors in South Dakota. Excavation crews will transport the rock from a mile underground to the surface using refurbished mining infrastructure and the newly constructed conveyor system.

Sanford Underground Research Facility is making an effort to build bridges with Native American communities and operate with respect for the sacred land it is built on.

Take a virtual tour of the newly-upgraded Ross hoistroom and rock conveyance system at the Sanford Underground Research Facility. Both the hoistroom and the conveyance system are critical to constructing LBNF and DUNE a mile below the surface.

What do researchers with the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment, hosted by Fermilab, hope to discover? Here’s a hint: DUNE’s science goals have to do with exploding stars, going beyond the Standard Model, and explaining why, exactly, anything exists at all. In this video of an online event hosted by the Sanford Underground Research Facility, DUNE researchers unpack the three major science goals of the experiment.