India’s Department of Atomic Energy is making a $140 million in-kind contribution to the PIP-II accelerator under construction at Fermilab. Indian institutions will provide a number of technical components for the new machine. The collaboration provides Indian scientists the training, technical insight and know-how for the development of their domestic particle accelerator program.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India and President Joe Biden met last Thursday to deepen bilateral cooperation between the two countries on cutting-edge scientific infrastructure. As part of the agreement, India will supply components worth $140 million to the U.S. Department of Energy’s plans to upgrade the Fermilab accelerator complex to create the most intense high-energy neutrino beams which would help unravel understanding of the evolution of the universe. This contribution is described in number 10 of the White House statement.

Cryomodules of five different types, one of which is the SSR1 pictured here, boost the energy of the beam. cryomodule, beam, PIP-II, superconducting technology, accelerator Photo: Tom Nicol, Fermilab

A Fermilab team has completed tests for a crucial superconducting segment for the PIP-II particle accelerator, the future heart of the Fermilab accelerator chain. The segment, called a cryomodule, will be one of many, but this is the first to be fully designed, assembled and tested at Fermilab. It represents a journey of technical challenges and opportunities for innovation in superconducting accelerator technology.

Physicists often find thrifty, ingenious ways to reuse equipment and resources. What do you do about an 800-ton magnet originally used to discover new particles? Send it off on a months-long journey via truck, train and ship halfway across the world to detect oscillating particles called neutrinos, of course. It’s all part of the vast recycling network of the physics community.

From World Nuclear News, Aug. 20, 2018: An intergovernmental agreement on a neutrino physics collaboration, signed with Fermilab in April, has opened the possibility of for in-kind contributions by the two countries to each other’s neutrino projects.