Cryomodules of five different types, one of which is the SSR1 pictured here, boost the energy of the beam. cryomodule, beam, PIP-II, superconducting technology, accelerator Photo: Tom Nicol, Fermilab

A Fermilab team has completed tests for a crucial superconducting segment for the PIP-II particle accelerator, the future heart of the Fermilab accelerator chain. The segment, called a cryomodule, will be one of many, but this is the first to be fully designed, assembled and tested at Fermilab. It represents a journey of technical challenges and opportunities for innovation in superconducting accelerator technology.

Physicists often find thrifty, ingenious ways to reuse equipment and resources. What do you do about an 800-ton magnet originally used to discover new particles? Send it off on a months-long journey via truck, train and ship halfway across the world to detect oscillating particles called neutrinos, of course. It’s all part of the vast recycling network of the physics community.

From World Nuclear News, Aug. 20, 2018: An intergovernmental agreement on a neutrino physics collaboration, signed with Fermilab in April, has opened the possibility of for in-kind contributions by the two countries to each other’s neutrino projects.

From Indian Times Daily, April 16, 2018: U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry and India’s Atomic Energy Secretary Sekhar Basu signed an agreement in New Delhi to expand the two countries’ collaboration on world-leading science and technology projects.

From World Nuclear News, April 17, 2018: Energy Secretary Rick Perry and India’s Atomic Energy Secretary Sekhar Basu signed an agreement in New Delhi that opens the way to jointly advancing cutting-edge neutrino science projects under way in both countries, LBNF/DUNE

From NEI Magazine, April 19, 2018: India and the United States have signed an agreement enabling their scientists to collaborate on the development and construction of different types of neutrino detectors, including for LBNF/DUNE.